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Over-the-Counter Medications

  • Always, Consult a pharmacist if you are taking prescription medications 
  • Always, Consult a pharmacist if you plan to take more than one over-the-counter medication 
  • Always, Read labels and follow dosing instructions 
  • Never, Take anyone else's medication 

Pain Medication 

Action: Reduce pain, lower temperature, for fever, body aches, headache

Ingredients

Brand Names

Caution

Ibuprofen Advil, Motrin - May cause upset stomach
Naproxen Aleve - Take with food
- Do not mix Ibuprofen with Naproxen
Acetaminophen
Many multi-symptom medications contain Acetaminophen*
Tylenol - Do not exceed max daily dose, 3250 mg Acetaminophen for adults

Cough Suppressants

Action: Decreases Cough

Ingredients

Brand Names

Caution

Dextromethorpahn Delsym
Cough med with DM (dextromethorphan)
- Do not take if you are on anti-depressants

Expectorant

Action: Loosen phlegm

Ingredients

Brand Names

Guaifenesin Robitussin
Mucinex

Antihistamines

Action: Dry up runny nose, treat allergy symptoms

Ingredients

Brand Names

Caution

Diphenhydramine Benadryl - Benadryl may cause drowsiness
- Don't drive
- Avoid alcohol
Loratadine Claritin  
Fexofenadine Allegra  
Cetirizine Zyrtec - May cause drowsiness

Decongestants

Action: Open nasal passages and relieve ear congestion/pressure

Ingredients

Brand Names

Caution

Pseudoephedrine Sudafed, must be obtained from pharmacist  - Do not take with other stimulants or if you have high blod pressure
Phenylephrine Sudafed PE - Can disturb sleep

* Combination Products contain multiple ingredients for multiple symptoms, commonly include Acetaminophen. 

  • Read label carefully
  • Do not duplicate active ingredients 

Always best to avoid combination medications. Target your symptoms with individual medications. 

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