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Nausea and Vomiting

Causes 

  • Viruses, spread from person to person
  • Food poisoning, contaminated food or water
  • Bacterial infection

Symptoms 

  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Stomach Pain, cramping 
  • Decreased appetite 
  • Diarrhea

Self-Care 

  • Rest your stomach 
  • Do not eat or drink for 2 to 4 hours after the last episode of vomiting 
  • It it OK to try bits of ice or popsicles 2 hours after last vomiting 
  • Frequent handwashing 
  • Clean bathroom surfaces to prevent spread of virus

Day 1: 

Start with clear liquids, 1 ounce every 30 minutes. Fluids will stay down better if they are consumed gradually. If you are able to tolerate this without vomiting, continue to drink clear liquids with the goal to rehydrate gradually.

  • Water 
  • Pedialyte
  • Diluted sports drinks (1/2 water, 1/2 sports drink)
  • Jello 
  • Popsicles
  • Carbonated drinks like ginger ale, sprite or 7-Up should be opened and let some of the bubbles escape to reduce the carbonation. 
  • Avoid caffeinated beverages.

Day 2: 

If vomiting has not returned start by eating simple carbohydrates

  • Baked potatoes 
  • Crackers
  • Toast
  • Bananas, helpful to replace potassium that may be lost with diarrhea 
  • Applesauce
  • Clear soups like chicken noodle or chicken with rice
  • If you have had diarrhea avoid milk or milk products for a few days, except yogurt with a live culture. 

Consult health care provider:

  • If vomiting persists for more than 24 hours 
  • If comiting and diarrhea are very severe
  • If bleeding occurs 
  • If abdominal pain is severe, or if pain is in the right side 
  • If there is fever 
  • If lightheaded or dizzy
  • If symptoms developed after international travel 
  • If you have questions or concerns

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