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Social Change Models

Created in the 1990s by the Higher Education Research Institute of UCLA, this model of leadership emphasizes service to others as an essential vehicle of positive social change--making the world a better place for self and others both locally and globally.  

Leadership is viewed as a process of facilitating positive social change, not merely as a position of authority.  Collaboration rather than control is emphasized in this values-driven model. 

Seven values (“the 7Cs”), which cluster under three groupings, encapsulate this approach to leadership development:

I.  Individual Values

  1. Consciousness of Self
    • Awareness of the beliefs, values, attitudes and emotions that motivate an individual to take action'
    • Essential for developing consciousness of others
  2. Congruence
    • Behaving in ways that are consistent with one’s values, beliefs, strengths and limitations
    • Interdependent with Consciousness of Self
  3. Commitment
    • The psychic energy that motivates the individual to serve and drives collective effort
    • Implies passion, intensity, and duration directed towards both group activity and intended outcomes
    • Requires knowledge of self

II.  Group Values

  1. Collaboration
    • Leadership as a relational group process
    • Encourages group to transcend individual goals, interests and behaviors
    • Vital that group members explore differences in individual values, ideas, affiliations, visions and identities
  2. Common Purpose
    • To work with shared aims and values
    • Enables the group to engage in collective analysis of the issues at hand and the task to be undertaken
    • Best achieved when all members of the group share in the vision and participate actively in articulating the purpose and goals of the activity
  3. Controversy with Civility
    • Differences will exist in the group; they can be accepted and resolved through open and honest dialogue
    • Requires trust among the group members
    • Conflicts need to be resolved as well as integrated into the common purpose

III.  Societal/Community Values

  1. Citizenship
    • Active engagement in community, not mere membership
    • Civic responsibility that works towards social change
    • The practice of good citizenship should happen at every level of the model